Vsakdanjost napadov z brezpilotnimi letali

Barack Obama, ki je za mnoge pomenil upanje, navdih ali “pravo pot”, je tudi ali predvsem tisti ameriški predsednik, ki je napade z brezpilotnimi letali naredil za nekaj “normalnega”, vsakdanjega. Ameriški in britanski droni danes “frčijo” nad Afganistanom, Pakistanom, Irakom, Jemnom, Libijo, … Raketirajo teroriste in “teroriste”. Ne morijo samo tujih borcev in državljanov iz “tretjih držav”, ampak tudi ameriške in državljane evropskih držav. Pravna podlaga eksekutorjev ne zanima. “Napadi z brezpilotnimi letali so zakoniti, etični in smotrni,” je leta 2012 dejal John Brennan, takratni svetovalec ameriškega predsednika za domovinsko varnost in terorizem. Če tovrstnih eksekucij nič ne prepoveduje, potem pač pritiskajmo na sprožilce. Pozabite na holivudsko produkcijo in etične dileme. Statistike so strahotne. Pogled v prihodnost še strahotnejši.

droni

Vir: ROAR Magazine, zima 2016

Laurie Calhoun o “brezpilotni dediščini” Obame:

In the early years of the Drone Age, only named suspects or insurgents who posed a threat to soldiers on the ground were targeted with drones. However, President Barack Obama succeeded over two terms in office in normalizing the targeted killing of persons designated as state enemies on the basis of their patterns of behavior. In what are termed “signature strikes,” military-age males have been intentionally hunted down and slaughtered for such behaviors as carrying a rifle in a remote-tribal region or riding around in the back of a truck “in the manner of insurgents.” Allegedly “mortal enemies” have also been identified through drone surveillance by their manner of dress, whether they pray several times a day, and whether they stand or squat to urinate.

The intentional drone killing of US and British citizens illustrates that the lethal power of the state has dramatically augmented in the Drone Age. Remote-control technology has made it possible to eliminate targets without risking the lives of compatriot soldiers, and this makes it much easier for the president or prime minister to kill. Lethal drones seem to offer the possibility of defending the nation without sacrificing any troops, and have been successfully marketed to politicians as tools of “smart war.” In truth, risk is not being eliminated but transferred to civilians on the ground. The UK human rights group Reprieve has documented that many named suspects were claimed by officials to have been killed multiple times before finally being eliminated by a drone-delivered missile. Who were the people mistakenly killed in their stead?

The persons intentionally executed by lethal drones while living in their own civil societies have been denied all human rights codified in the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights, including Article 11, the “innocent until proven guilty” clause. But their neighbors, many of whom are not even suspected of complicity with terrorist groups, have also been wronged, for they have been terrorized by the specter of unpredictable death delivered by capricious killers who decree territories “outside areas of active hostilities” to be “battlegrounds” before firing missiles upon them. The people living in such places have no way of knowing when, why or against whom the next missile will thunder down from the sky. Small wonder that a form of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) afflicts not only bereft survivors and persons maimed by missiles, but also those who have heard about victims destroyed without warning and for reasons never disclosed.

Tehnologijo brezpilotnih letal in multikopterjev pospešeno razvijajo vse bolj ali manj pomembne vojaške sile na svetu, v Siriji in Iraku smo lahko videli tudi “amaterske” poskuse samooklicane Islamske države. A napadi dronov se zaenkrat zdijo daleč. Nekatere bo (morda) premaknilo šele, ko bodo spoznali, da lastne vlade špionirajo za njimi, druge takrat, ko bodo rakete in bombe začele deževati kar z domačega neba. Najprej najbrž resda v redkih primerih, z odstranitvijo posameznih “tujkov”, kasneje … Pretiravanje? Laurie Calhoun spomni na primer (ostro)strelca Micaha Xavierja Johnsona – med strelskim pohodom je umrlo pet policistov –, ki ga je med lanskimi nemiri v Dallasu razstrelil z eksplozivom naložen robot. Od robota na zemlji do robota v zraku je le pol koraka. Pa tudi svojevrstne robote za volani tovornjakov smo dobili. Kot odgovor na ameriške in evropske “ptice”, ki sejejo smrt na jugu.



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