Implozija nizozemskih socialdemokratov

Medtem ko potekajo pogovori o sestavi prihodnje nizozemske vlade – volivci desnih strank VVD in CDA bi v koaliciji raje videli Krščansko unijo (VVD + CDA + D66 + CU = 76 od 150 sedežev), podporniki sredinske D66 pa Zeleno levico (VVD + CDA + D66 + ZL = 85 od 150 sedežev) –, poglejmo geografsko sliko volitev, ki kaže neverjetno razsežnost kolapsa nizozemske socialdemokracije.

Zmagovalne stranke. Vir: Josse de Voogt

Socialdemokratska PvdA, ki je na volitvah 2010 in 2012 zmagala praktično po celem severu države, je danes povsem izginila z zemljevida. Ni je več. Puf. Da bo slika še jasnejša: pred sedmimi leti so socialdemokrati osvojili 30, pet let nazaj 38 in tokrat le 9 sedežev. Zgodovinski poraz, implozija. A se ne gre pretirano čuditi. Evropska socialdemokracija se je odpovedala socialdemokratskim politikam in s tem svoji tradicionalni bazi, revnejšim in delavskemu razredu. Tretja pot – priklanjanje (neo)liberalizmu –, na katero mnogi v njihovih vrstah trmasto prisegajo še dandanes, je pač naredila svoje. Stranki Pasok in PvdA sta to občutili fizično, skorajda sta izginili, druge, recimo SD, so vsebinsko in politično votle stranke – volilna, ne pa vsebinska ali ideološka alternativa.

Cas Mudde o zatonu nizozemskih socialdemokratov, največjem porazu v zgodovini volitev na Nizozemskem:

The decline of the Netherlands’ establishment parties is primarily the result of the implosion of the country’s social democrats—a collapse that has taken place across the continent, in groups from the British Labour Party to the Greek Panhellenic Socialist Movement. That process started in the 1990s, when, faced with declining working classes, most social democratic parties chose to embrace pro-market positions, leaving some of their former constituents to back right- or left-wing populist parties instead. For its part, the Dutch PvdA has been struggling for years to satisfy its shrinking but increasingly heterogeneous base, which includes both Muslim and Islamophobic workers. The party’s most recent peak came in 1986, when it received around one-third of the vote. After years of decline, the PvdA bounced back to nearly 25 percent in the elections of 2012, bringing it into government with the VVD. But the PvdA has now paid the price for so eagerly joining the second Rutte government, which voters regarded as a mostly right-wing project, devoid of significant social democratic features. In last month’s election, the PvdA’s vote share fell by over 19 percentage points, to 5.7 percent, granting the party just nine seats in the parliament’s lower house. It was the biggest electoral defeat in Dutch history—so big that one of the PvdA’s leading members, the outgoing Minister of the Interior Ronald Plaskerk, suggested that the PvdA merge with the GreenLeft party, which took 14 seats but has never before governed in a ruling coalition, rather than constitute its own parliamentary faction. This seems short-sighted, as the PvdA still seems to have the loyalty of older, not highly educated voters in the north of the country—and that is not exactly the core electorate of GreenLeft, whose supporters tend to be young, highly educated, and urban.

To je (dezorientirana) socialdemokracija danes.

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